Highlighted results

1,491,295 m2 of land cleared of explosive remnants of war

Demonstrable contribution to social debate on women's rights

Support for civil society organisations in the promotion of gender equality

Additional sources

Factsheet Multiannual Country Strategy Yemen

Factsheet on the efforts of The Netherlands from 2019 to 2022

Openaid.nl

Overview of projects in Yemen

Introduction

Five years of civil war have taken a huge toll on Yemen and have severely set back the country’s development. Human development indicators have sharply deteriorated. The international SDG development goals for 2030 have become unattainable for Yemen, even if a peace agreement were to be concluded in 2020. The ongoing conflict has further deteriorated the political and security situation in Yemen.

As a long-standing and solid co-operation partner of Yemen, the Netherlands has focused on preventing Yemen from slipping into further chaos and decline. The Netherlands’ strategic commitment remains to contribute to peace building, security and stability and social development. In so doing, the Netherlands does not shy away from conflict-sensitive themes such as women's rights and sexual and reproductive health and rights. The Netherlands’ efforts are strongly focused on achieving concrete results that improve the population's prospects. A conflict-sensitive approach is applied throughout the entire co-operation programme.

During the reporting period, the Netherlands made an effort to:

Contribute to stabilisation efforts, strengthen security and the rule of law and end conflict

Reach out to the most vulnerable groups in Yemen, promoting the reproductive health and rights of girls and women, and including the availability of psychosocial care for the victims of the conflict

Promote accountability for International Humanitarian Law and human rights violations

Prevent further disintegration of state systems and social structures as well as further deterioration of the humanitarian situation

Secure safe drinking water and sanitation

This focus means that in the reporting period the Netherlands supported activities within the following result areas.

Security and the rule of law

Sexual and reproductive health and rights

Drinking water, sanitation and hygiene

Results 2019

Thanks to the support of the Netherlands in the field of social progress, access to health facilities remained possible in many areas of Yemen. Yemeni women and girls had access to psychosocial support and medical assistance related to sexual and maternal health, including family planning. Traumatised victims of the civil war received psychosocial counselling and therapy. Access to basic services, such as clean drinking water and sanitation, remained available in several regions, since the Netherlands prioritises sanitation and hygiene at a level that is conducive to living healthy lives. Within the theme of security and rule of law, numerous dialogues on peace and stability were conducted inside and outside Yemen with different stakeholders, focusing on strengthening inclusive capacity building. Better-equipped, trained and enabled Yemeni counterparts cleared large areas of mines. With regard to the peace process, the Netherlands provided ongoing support, both financially and diplomatically, to the efforts of the UN Special Envoy in his dialogues with the parties involved.

Results by theme

SRHR Security and rule of Law Water

SRHR

Results

Indicator

Improved access to contraceptives and medicines

Score

197,572

Progress

On track

Due to the collapse of the health system in Yemen as a result of the war, the country has been in great need of contraceptives and life saving medicines. When it comes to SRHR services and measures, many women and girls are completely dependent on the support provided by (I)NGOs and UN organisations.

Despite several logistical challenges related to the fact that contraceptives and SRHR medicines are often not allowed to pass at checkpoints and border controls, most Dutch-supported partners were able to continue their work thanks to maintaining a close working relationship with the government authorities.

Metric
Indicator

Better public and private health care for family planning, pregnancies and childbirth, including safe abortions

Score

16,048

Progress

On track

The health of mothers and children is at severe risk in Yemen. Partners working on SRHR prioritise support of maternal health and reducing infant mortality. Safe motherhood services, such as safe delivery and antenatal care, are therefore of the utmost importance to the Netherlands.

16,048 pregnant women received antennal care during a visit to a health provider. Supplies, including reproductive health supplies and maternal and neonatal health supplies, were delivered directly to the warehouses of the 22 Governorate Health Offices (GHOs) and the 22 Governorate Hospitals in Yemen.

Despite the challenging and volatile context in Yemen, the Dutch-supported partners have been able to contribute significantly to infant and maternal health care. This is related to the fact that, within the SRHR spectrum, infant and maternal health care is not such a sensitive theme, which creates space to develop activities.

The key challenge faced were delays in distribution processes from the governorate down to the district and health facility level, leading to reports of no stocks at some service delivery points, even though the commodities were available at the central or governorate level. Starting in 2019, UNFPA, as one of the key Dutch partners in the area of SRHR in Yemen, has agreed to support the ministry in distributing the commodities to the district level under the direct stewardship of the Ministry of Public Health and Population.

16,048 women
Indicator

Protect, promote and fulfil universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), including HIV/AIDS

Score

Progress

On track

There has been an increase in humanitarian sectors that have mainstreamed gender-based violence (GBV) considerations in their SRHR response plans. UNFPA has established a so-called 'GBVIMS System', which is updated and enhanced on a regular basis to ensure accuracy of data. In addition, a central database has been established, which contains the data and indicators necessary to help UNFPA and its sub-cluster partners to track, monitor and support GBV cases and provide services.

In the context of Yemen, this result area focuses mainly on awareness programmes that promote the importance of access to sexual and reproductive health services, and on improved co-ordination mechanisms among SRHR partners to enhance the sharing of data, good practices and information.

Knowledge is applied to evidence-informed SRHR programmes, policies and practices.

Security and rule of Law

Results

Indicator

Number of square meters surveyed and cleared

Score

1.5 million m2

Progress

On track

Approximately 1.5 million m2 land has been surveyed and cleared in 13 governorates and 45 districts in the period of 1 October 2018 - 31 December 2018, the end date of project. Survey operations in all governorates amounted to 805,000 m2.

During the same period, 312 survivors were screened and assisted.

The clearance operations by YEMAC (trained and assisted by UNDP and partners) resulted in a total of 355,735 beneficiaries (direct and indirect), including those who benefited during the period 1 October 2018 - 31 December 2018. This figure represents the total number of beneficiaries since the project started in 2017.

UNDP has been supporting YEMAC (Yemen Executive Mine Action Centre) staff since the start of the project. UNDP has trained staff and cleared large areas in Yemen. This has resulted in a large number of beneficiaries and survivors being screened and assisted. The results achieved are expressed in million m2 demined.

Results achieved are as planned but influenced by the ongoing conflict: the fluid security situation and access to contaminated sites due to the deterioration of the security situation and the escalation of fighting. The fragmentation of YEMAC: one branch in the Houthi-controlled north and the one falling under the legitimate GOY in the south. At times, this makes it difficult to streamline and combine training for the two divisions.

The need for ongoing demining will remain but YEMAC has limited capacity and continuous strengthening and assistance (technical and financial) is still needed. Clearing areas remains a necessary action: as long as the conflict is ongoing, new areas will be mined by the fighting sides. Nevertheless, one could consider the objectives as partially achieved: large areas have been cleared of mines and YEMAC staff trained in demining, but further capacity of trained staff is still needed and large (new) areas are contaminated.

1.5 million m2
Indicator

Dialogue processes to promote constructive conflict management and local peace processes

Score

Progress

On track

The Yemen conflict is still ongoing and no peace agreement has been reached. During the reporting period, the Netherlands continued to support the mediation efforts of the (Office of the) UN Special Envoy for Yemen, resulting in numerous dialogues with the parties and stakeholders, and high-level diplomacy in co-operation with international partners (Track I level support). Simultaneously, the Netherlands continued to support the initiatives of several NGOs at Track II and III level to strengthen and empower civil society, (tribal) leaders at national, regional and local level, entrepreneurs, women and youth in peace building/conflict resolution and promote participation at local and regional level. The NGOs’ activities included training, capacity strengthening activities, facilitation of dialogues, publishing of policy papers and feeding into the Track I level through dialogues/policy advice from the different Yemeni groups brought together. At each of the three track levels, numerous dialogues (informal, formal, seminars, high-level political meetings, community groups, etc.) took place, resulting in little steps but with each of them contributing to the much-needed enhanced stability, security and peace. Most of the activities were executed as planned by the different NGOs and their various Yemeni groups, although some delays occurred. The ongoing conflict placed constraints on implementation in certain cases: permission to leave the country, safety concerns, military and political developments and difficulties in obtaining visas and tickets are just a few examples of the bottlenecks encountered.

Numerous dialogues with the parties and stakeholders, and high-level diplomacy in co-operation with international partners

Water

Results

Indicator

Number of people using safely managed drinking water services

Score

15,556

Progress

On track

Yemen has the lowest water availability per capita in the world. The outbreaks of diarrhoea and cholera are evidence of the current poor WASH situation in Yemen.

15.556 people used safely managed drinking water services. The results were achieved by integrating water supply, sanitation and hygiene. The implementing partner responded to the current water shortage due to the gradual reduction of the groundwater level, the intermittent water supply to communities in urban and rural areas, and the continuous deterioration due to excessive consumption.

The results were achieved through the completion of 1,569 rooftop cisterns, four communal cisterns and the rehabilitation of water services in six schools and two public health facilities.

The new water supply systems have improved public health, economic and social conditions among the targeted population/families. In addition, the intervention has resulted in a rise in the number of students returning to school (especially girls), as they no longer need to spend their days fetching water from distant unsafe water sources.

The number of people reached by safely managed drinking water services has been measured accurately and reflects one of the embassy’s core indicators for WASH activities.

15,556 people
Indicator

Number of people using safely managed sanitation services, including hand-washing facilities with soap and water

Score

7,964

Progress

On track

In Yemen, many rural communities employ unsafe habits, such as open defecation, refraining from washing hands and drinking non-purified water. The reasons for this are manifold and include a lack of health awareness, water scarcity, lack of access to clean water and overall economic conditions. Most of the houses do not have basic sanitation facilities, such as sinks for washing hands.

The result was achieved through the completion of 1,673 latrines and rehabilitation of sanitation services in six schools and two public health facilities.

Before the intervention, students needed to wait a whole day without visiting the toilet and for access to water until they returned to their homes. Furthermore, two per cent of the students suffered from diabetes and required frequent access to functioning latrines. Attendance among those students dropped to 50 per cent due to a lack of access to proper sanitary facilities. After the rehabilitation of the facilities and the provision of water, absenteeism levels among the students fell, including that among those students with diabetes who were recorded as being present regularly after the intervention.

The number of people reached by safely managed sanitation services has been measured accurately and reflects one of the embassy’s core indicators for WASH activities.

7,964 people

Background and future Yemen

Glimpse into the future

The Netherlands' strategic goal remains to provide important building blocks for a future transition from conflict to peace, based on the following principles. In the field of peace building, the two-pronged approach will be continued. Financial and diplomatic support at a high level will be given to (international efforts in) the formal peace process. In addition, the Netherlands will address the root causes of conflict by strengthening local community structures, combating social fragmentation and promoting the integration of minority groups (also in peace building).

The Netherlands will continue its co-operation with the UN envoy, UN organisations and INGOs. In the main sectors (drinking water & sanitation, SRHR and peace building), the emphasis will continue to be on sustainable development at local level and rebuilding social structures and basic services.

The Netherlands will step up its efforts to contribute to increasing the presence of women in influential positions, their participation in conflict resolution and their role in peace building (local, regional and national). The Netherlands will explore opportunities for small-scale agriculture combined with increased water efficiency in the context of sustainable development, including conflict mitigation measures. The focus will be on creating employment opportunities for young people and women. There will be an active search for ways to support the development of entrepreneurship. Finally, given the huge impact of the crisis, support to psychosocial services will be strengthened.

The implementation modality in the current co-operation programme concerns (I)NGOs and the UN. There is no direct co-operation relationship with the government, as there was before the outbreak of the war. This is related to the weak policy and management environment and insufficient control over the country.

The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic is most likely severe. The extent to which this affects our current and future projects is still unknown.

Additional sources

You can find how the budget was allocated in 2019 and which projects were funded on the budget website.

  1. Visit the website
    Programme budget Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation
  2. Select financial year 2019
Website Embassy of the Netherlands in Yemen

Visit the website of the Embassy of The Netherlands in Yemen

Facebookpage Embassy of the Netherlands in Yemen

Follow the Embassy of The Netherlands in Yemen on Facebook

Results SRHR

Download PDF with results for SRHR in Yemen

Results Security and rule of Law

Download PDF with results for Security and rule of Law in Yemen

Results Water

Download PDF with results for Water in Yemen

Expenditure Embassy by channel

Metric

Expenditure Embassy by theme

Metric

The budget in this figure is for the year 2019 and does not completely correspond with the results on this page, which have been collected between Oct 2018 and Oct 2019. More information on this can be found on the 'About the results report' page.