Highlighted results

25,000 people achieved access to justice with Dutch funding; The African Peace and Security Architecture was strengthened.

Employees gained access to sexual reproductive services at or close to the workplace.

1.3 million family farms benefited from Dutch agricultural development programmes.

Additional sources

Factsheet Multiannual Country Strategy Ethiopia

Factsheet on the efforts of The Netherlands from 2019 to 2022

Openaid.nl

Overview of projects in Ethiopia

Introduction

In 2019, Ethiopia continued its programme of political reforms, although momentum seems to be waning. Progress is being made – such as the revision of repressive laws – but for the average Ethiopian life remains challenging. Conflicts over resources and (perceived) injustices from the past lead to violence, often along ethnic lines. The economy is struggling along and food prices are soaring. Still, the reforms introduced by Premier Abiy seem the best chance for legitimate stability.

The Netherlands supports the Rule of Law in Ethiopia, for example through capacity building of prosecutors and judges, and increasing the policy research capacities of regional governments. The NGO Justice for All facilitated several regional peace conferences, trained police officers in human rights and facilitated Access to Justice for thousands of people.

The Netherlands supports improvements in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Ethiopia through the Ministry of Health (MoH) and several NGOs, which provide complementary capacity building to the MoH or reach out through social marketing on family planning.

The Netherlands has a clear focus on making innovations available to farmers who want to commercialise their farms. The Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency receives support in instituting Agricultural Commercialisation Clusters. SNV and Wageningen University have accelerated the commercialisation of smallholder farmers through large sector-support programmes for horticulture and dairy.

Results 2019

The Netherlands supports the Ethiopian reform process. In the Security and Rule of Law sector, several governance projects support the research capacity in Oromia and Amhara. Through Justice for All, local policemen from the South were trained on how to facilitate elections with a view to the Sidama referendum on 20 November 2019. The referendum was peaceful.

With the support of the Netherlands, Ethiopia continues to show progress on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, although the pace is not as quick as before: it is more difficult to reach the higher fruit and the lower ones have already been harvested.

Dutch farming innovations were presented to farmers that want to commercialise. More and more farmers are adopting farming technologies that help them prosper and build their farm as a business. Both the dairy and horticultural sectors have remained a focus for agricultural development. Chronically food-insecure people were supported in building assets that can benefit them in the long run.

Results by theme

Security and rule of Law SRHR Food security

Featured project Ethiopia

Scaling up Human Rights protection and Justice Service delivery

The Netherlands Embassy supports the Ethiopian NGO 'Justice for All' (JFA) in implementing a five-year strategic plan. The organisation works on a variety of outcomes, varying from human rights activism to policy dialogue with government and specific activities on press freedom and women's rights.

A significant achievement by JFA has been to bring together the Oromo Democratic Party (ODP) and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), which led to the (partial) disarmament and demobilisation of the OLF early in 2019.

One of the core competencies of the organisation is (human rights) training for police, prosecutors and prison staff. By providing legal assistance to prisoners, facilitating pardons for prisoners, backlog clearance and training justice officials, the organisation secured access to justice for 99,574 people (in 2018). As part of a consortium, about 25,000 of these cases can be directly attributed to the Netherlands’ support.

Scaling up Human Rights protection and Justice Service delivery
Justice for All

More information on the JFA website

Security and rule of Law

The results in context

The Netherlands supports Ethiopia’s democratic reforms through the Security and Rule of Law portfolio. In the project ‘Strengthening the Reform Agenda’, implemented by the Africa Study Centre Leiden after the Oromia Regional Government identified four domains of policy-relevant research, four teams went to work and in October 2018 presented research proposals on: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and industrial development; Practices and problems of youth employment in micro and small enterprises; Organisational and human resource management in implementing local government’s public service reforms; and Women’s empowerment in governance.

The Netherlands Embassy, together with the embassies of Norway, Sweden and Denmark, supports the Ethiopian NGO 'Justice for All' (JFA) in implementing a five-year strategic plan. The organisation works on a variety of outcomes, varying from human rights activism to policy dialogue with government and specific activities on press freedom and women's rights.

A significant achievement by JFA has been to bring together the Oromo Democratic Party (ODP) and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), which led to the (partial) disarmament and demobilisation of the OLF early in 2019.

One of the core competencies of the organisation is (human rights) training for police, prosecutors and prison staff. By providing legal assistance to prisoners, facilitating pardons for prisoners, backlog clearance and training justice officials, the organisation secured access to justice for 99,574 people (in 2018). As part of a consortium, about 25,000 of these cases can be directly attributed to the Netherlands’ support.

In early November 2019, JFA provided training for local police from the Southern Nations in preparation for the referendum on the Statehood of the Sidama region. The referendum on 20 November was peaceful and without security incidents.

The general objective of the ongoing Justice Capacity Building Project implemented by VU University Amsterdam is to alleviate the prevailing technical capacity problems of the federal and regional institutions by upgrading the professionals employed in the Ethiopian federal and regional judicial system. To this end, the project provides short-term training and legal masters' degrees to employees of judicial institutions at the federal level, as well as their Oromia Regional Government counterparts.

Overall, the projects have progressed well. The ‘Strengthening the Reform Agenda’ project has been expanded to the Amhara region.

With a view to the upcoming election and the risk of escalating violent conflicts, the Netherlands has started to support the building of democratic institutions through UNDP. This includes an early warning system to detect and mitigate election-related violence. Through capacity building with the Ministry of Peace and a number of related institutes, Ethiopian capacity for conflict resolution and peace building will be increased. This project will be implemented by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and Clingendael.

SRHR

The results in context

The Netherlands pursues SRHR results in four areas:

Better information and greater freedom of choice for young people concerning their sexuality: Ethiopia has pledged to end child marriage by 2025. The Netherlands has consistently advocated for and supported Ethiopia in ending child marriages and harmful traditional practices. See indicator 1.

Improved access to contraceptives and medicines: this is a top priority for the Federal Ministry of Health and is supported and complemented by NGOs, which the Netherlands supports separately. Together, DKT, the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) and Marie Stopes International provide access to more than 40% of all reproductive health commodities in Ethiopia. See indicator 2.

Better public and private health care for family planning, pregnancies and childbirth, including safe abortions: Ethiopia achieved most of the health MDGs (1990-2015) by courageously deploying investment in Health Extension Workers (approx. 40,000 in 2018, mostly female) to provide primary health care as close to the community/family as possible. See indicator 3.

Greater respect for the sexual and reproductive rights of groups currently denied these rights: the Netherlands supports one safe house in Addis Ababa, where women and girl survivors of violence receive comprehensive rehabilitation support, including support related to SRHR, health, counselling, legal case follow up, basic literacy, empowerment and self-defence. See indicator 4.

Results

Indicator

Number of young people reached with comprehensive, correct information on sexuality, HIV/AIDS, STIs, pregnancy and contraception

Score

846.519

Progress

Progress, not on track

846,519 people reached with comprehensive, correct information on sexuality, HIV/AIDS, STIs, pregnancy and contraception out of the 1,017,2017 targeted.

The Family Guidance Association Ethiopia Nationwide and the Engenderhealth/Amref/Philips/Triggerise consortium in Afar are most active.

People reached with Comprehensive Sexuality Education is not clearly defined and can vary from having completed a three-week course, as part of the school curriculum, or having had one-on-one discussions with peer educators. Political unrest has affected the number of people reached.

846.519 people
Indicator

Number of couples protected by various contraceptives over a one-year period (couple-years protection)

Score

22.132.574

Progress

Progress, not on track

Nearly all partners contribute to this indicator. DKT, Family Guidance Association Ethiopia and MSI are the most important in the private not-for-profit sector. The Ministry of Health is the most important in the public sector, but does not use this indicator.

The target of 27.377.452 couples was not met as DKT, the most important provider, had to adapt to reduced funding.

22.132.574 couples protected
Indicator

Number of births attended by skilled health personnel

Score

3.686.205

Progress

Progress, not on track

This number represents 50% of all estimated births, whereas the Ministry of Health target was 62%. The Netherlands provides about 1 % of the MoH’s annual budget.

Although progress has been made, access to good quality Basic and Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric & Neonatal Care is still insufficient, for example due to the lack of good quality water and/or electricity at health facilities.

3.686.205 births
Indicator

Changes in laws, guidelines and (health) policies and practices leading to a reduction in barriers to SRH and HIV/AIDS services

Score

Progress

On track

Nationwide promotion of acceptable quality standards for local production of reusable sanitary pads by the end of 2017

Nationwide revision and validation of institutional WASH design and construction manual to include provision of safe, private and Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM)-friendly WASH facilities in schools within 2016:

Nationwide integration of MHM in the Health Extension Programme (HEP) by the end of 2017:

Adoption of the National MHM guidelines jointly by the MoH and Ministry of Education (MoE) and inclusion by the end of 2016

National standards for sanitary pads endorsed

Food security

Results

Indicator

Number of family farms reached by Dutch programmes in Ethiopia

Score

1,326,087

Progress

On track

Total number of family farms (crop/livestock/fish) reached directly and indirectly. This indicator provides insight into the wide reach of Dutch programmes. The agricultural innovations delivered by our programmes are disseminated through the Ethiopian Government’s agricultural extension system, which is how they reach such a large number of farmers.

Most of the results were achieved through BENEFIT, a partnership between the Netherlands Embassy and Wageningen University that includes five projects geared towards improving Ethiopia’s agricultural performance. BENEFIT, together with sector programmes like HortiLIFE2 (vegetables) and BRIDGE (dairy), has contributed hugely to the work that the Ethiopian government is doing in its Agricultural Growth Programme and through the Agricultural Transformation Agency, both of which also receive financial support from the Netherlands. Improving agricultural productivity is the motor behind sustainable development.

Indicator

Number of people with improved food intake.

Score

187,170 people

Progress

On track

The Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) for Ethiopia is a government-run social-protection programme that has been targeting chronically food-insecure households since 2005. PSNP works to prevent household asset depletion and to create community assets. To this end, the programme provides cash or food payments for public works that build local infrastructure (e.g. roads) or protect the environment (e.g. terracing).

The Productive Safety Net Programme in Ethiopia reaches around eight million (chronically) food insecure people every year. The Netherlands has been a donor to this programme since the start and not only provides core funding to the World Bank’s trust fund that finances these activities, but also aims to contribute by helping people to graduate from the safety net programme. REALISE, one of the projects under the BENEFIT partnership, specifically aims to support PSNP clients in generating their own livelihoods by developing agricultural innovations that work in the PSNP context. These innovations are communicated to the PSNP management in order to create greater impact and help more people to sustain themselves and climb out of the safety net.

187.170 people
On 20 November 2019, the Sidama people voted massively and peacefully in favour of having their own regional state within the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (photo: Tim Kos)

Background and future Ethiopia

Background

Dutch Development Co-operation took place against a background of promising, yet fragile democratic reform. Greater political freedom has also fuelled old and new conflicts that sometimes turn violent very quickly.

Glimpse into the future

With elections on the horizon, 2020 could be a make-or-break year for the reform process. The Netherlands supports the government in building credible democratic institutions, such as the National Election Board, through UNDP and the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy (NIMD). Along with the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and Clingendael, the Netherlands will support the peace building capacity of the Ministry of Peace and others.

The African Union’s main priority for 2020 is ‘Silencing the Guns’. South Africa, AU Chair in 2020, sees Peace and Security as a top priority. IGAD has changed its leadership and peace and stability in the Horn heavily depend on developments in the IGAD countries.

The Ethiopian Ministry of Health is about to finalise its Health Sector Transformation Plan (mid-2020 – mid-2024), which builds on past successes but faces challenges related to changes in climate (extreme weather and epidemics), disease patterns (e.g. cardio-vascular) and demography (more young people).

The outbreak of desert locusts is a major threat to food security, especially if not controlled before the planting season in April 2020. Dutch programmes will continue to aim for food security for all by commercialising smallholder farmers.

The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic is most likely severe. The extent to which this affects our current and future projects is still unknown.

Additional sources

You can find how the budget was allocated in 2019 and which projects were funded on the budget website.

  1. Visit the website
    Programme budget Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation
  2. Select financial year 2019
Countries page on Dutch government site

Page on current policy towards Ethiopia

Facebook page

Follow the Embassy of the Netherlands to Ethiopia on Facebook

Embassy of the Netherlands to Ethiopia website

Visit the Embassy of the Netherlands to Ethiopia website

Results Security and rule of Law

Download PDF with results for Security and rule of Law in Ethiopia

Results SRHR

Download PDF with results for SRHR in Ethiopia

Results Food security

Download PDF with results for Food security in Ethiopia

Expenditure Embassy by channel

Metric

Expenditure Embassy by theme

Metric

The budget in this figure is for the year 2019 and does not completely correspond with the results on this page, which have been collected between Oct 2018 and Oct 2019. More information on this can be found on the 'About the results report' page.